Biodiversity management is an important issue that PTT has included in the Quality, Security, Safety, Health and Environment (QSHE) Policy. The policy aims to promote systematic biodiversity protection and management. PTT incorporates biodiversity issues into its decision-making processes and business operations throughout the supply chain in order to avoid and minimize any potential risk which could negatively impact biodiversity and ecosystem services within the project area. To this end, the following approaches are implemented:
- Integration of biodiversity risk management in PTT Group's QSHE Policy;
- Management of biodiversity in or near areas with environmentally sensitive areas by operating in compliance with required regulations, standards, and work procedures;
- Demonstration of commitment to achieving a no-net-loss of biodiversity within a manageable scope; and
- Partnerships with external organizations to increase biodiversity value through social investment programs, outside of PTT operational areas.
PTT Group Biodiversity Statement
PTT's main objective for biodiversity management is the protection and mitigation of negative impacts to biodiversity. PTT has demonstrated this commitment through the PTT Group Biodiversity Statement, which serves as operational principles for PTT Group companies, ensuring streamlined biodiversity management across the entire organization.
PTT Group Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Standards
PTT has prepared Biodiversity and Ecological Services Management Standard for expansion and clarification of the processes outlined in the PTT's Biodiversity Statement. The management standard is aligned with international standards i.e. International Finance Corporation Performance Standard 6 (IFC PS6), Business and Biodiversity Offset Program (BBOP)
In addition, PTT has prepared the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Guidelines, which assist relevant functions to meet the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Standard, covering biodiversity risk assessment; valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services for new projects; management of biodiversity in PTT Group's current operations; engagement with local communities and stakeholders for consultation on risk management of designated area; and development of a biodiversity plan for PTT Group for operations that pose high risk and potentially high levels of impacts on local biodiversity. PTT Group monitors and tracks results; and conducts annual revision and verification of performance against Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Standard and targets.
Biodiversity Impact Assessment for Project Development and Operations
Outlined in PTT Group's Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Standard, biodiversity risk analysis and assessment are conducted at the beginning of project development, and combined with the preparation of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) report in order to define appropriate preventive and mitigation measures. Systematic risk assessment is conducted throughout the project cycle for any factor which may potentially impact the biodiversity and ecosystem services. The assessment applies to all PTT and PTT Group's operational areas in Thailand, leading to the establishment of a clear strategic plan for PTT Group that corresponds to its strategic objectives.
To assess potential biodiversity value-related risks, factors taken into account include geographical location, relevant environmental conditions with category and types of activity depending on the context, scope and severity of such risks in each stage of project development. For projects with a high risk, PTT requires that a Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) be developed to mitigate impacts upon flora, fauna and the environment.
Biodiversity Impact Assessment for Project DevelopmentThe goal of biodiversity management is to avoid causing both direct and indirect loss of biodiversity values. Therefore, PTT requires all projects under PTT's operations to assess impacts on biodiversity and establish corresponding mitigation measures and conservation activities to compensate and aim for no-net loss of biodiversity. In addition, PTT requires that biodiversity impact assessments be conducted for projects that have expanded scope by incorporating research of biodiversity data into consideration and revision of impacts resulting from the project's modification. PTT supports its affiliates in implementing and complying with biodiversity management as a minimum standard.
Assessing impacts on biodiversity is a part of the EIA report preparation required by Thai law and is carried out by external experts. This includes impact assessment as well as preventive and mitigation measures prior to and during the construction and during the operational period by considering impacts from the projects on biodiversity and ecosystem services within the project area.
In addition, PTT supports communities and stakeholders to share their suggestions, concerns, and preventive or mitigation measures for environmental impacts with PTT through stakeholder engagement activities or questionnaire surveys distributed during the preparation of the environmental impact assessment.
Environmental Impact Preventive and Mitigation Measures
PTT adopts environmental impact preventive and mitigation measures as a tool for controlling and verifying operations in order to prevent and mitigate impacts caused by its operations. Relevant functions must consider appropriate environmental impact preventive and mitigation measures for each area where the project will be developed, such as minimizing slash and burn areas, rehabilitating forest areas, selecting the least harmful transportation routes, and working with wild animal experts in case animal evacuation is required.
PTT communicates its environmental preventive and mitigation measures and conducts public hearings with stakeholders in every step of the environmental impact study as required by the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP). Meanwhile, relevant functions are responsible for preparing environmental impact preventive and mitigation measures and performance monitoring reports to be submitted to ONEP every six months for each stage of the project cycle.
PTT discloses the findings of the biodiversity studies of the project areas, the biodiversity assessment results, and the environmental impact preventive and mitigation measures of all projects. Stakeholders are informed of such information during stakeholder engagement activities.
Establishment of Government Policy Network and Biodiversity Knowledge
PTT collaborates with the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP) to formulate sustainable biodiversity conservation and protection strategy, including public relations and campaigns to educate and raise the awareness of the public with regard to the value and importance of biodiversity.
PTT has established the biodiversity knowledge network as one of the means of sharing information and biodiversity management with external parties such as local communities, government agencies, academic institutions, private sector entities, etc. through collaboration with the Biodiversity Research and Training (BRT) Program to develop and integrate biodiversity related plans for PTT's projects.
Collaboration with Biodiversity Network
In terms of biodiversity performance, PTT has collaborated with a platitude of external organizations, such as Forestry Bureau, Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment, Marine and Coastal Resource Bureau, Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Kasetsart University, Songkhla Nakarind University, National Science of Technology Development (NSTDA), Siamensis and Save Wildlife Thailand, to name a few. This includes local communities. PTT has been conducting projects on biodiversity exploration to study and consolidate data on various fauna and flora around PTT's operation sites in different seasons. Furthermore, seminars on biodiversity exploration have also been conducted around PTT's operation sites to ensure community representatives and local parties are able to share their opinions.
To perform Biodiversity Risk Assessment and Biodiversity Action Plan
|2017 Plan||2017 Accomplishment||2018 Work Plan|
|Revise risk assessment tools to cover more factors with impacts, such as factors on location and boundaries of national wetlands (Ramsar Site)||Revised Biodiversity Risk Assessment Tools||Develop an approach for No Net Loss, which can be used for pilot sites under PTT Group|
In 2019, PTT has developed biodiversity assessment approach for No Net Loss. This helps PTT achieved the goals for No Net Loss for new project within 2020. No Net Loss Assessment tools were developed, enabling baseline identification of each operation sites' biodiversity value. Additionally, models, illustrating impacts on biodiversity loss and forecast of offset management's results, have been developed. The model also illustrates losses that occur at sites, which will be used for further implementation within PTT Group.
Biodiversity Risk Assessment
PTT has surveyed on biodiversity, as an aim to explore animal and plant species surrounded on PTT operational areas, in order to investigate and gather all information on biodiversity database and to share knowledge on environmental restoration, biodiversity development, and environmental conservation. The assessment makes reference to distance from conservation sites and areas of high biodiversity values. The survey conducted in in 2017 reveals that there were 2 high-risk sites, which are: Khanom Natural Gas Separator and Phuket Aviation Depot. Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) was conducted to mitigate operation's impacts regarding biodiversity performance. Operation plan comprises of work plan details, objectives, duration and responsible functions for each step.
Biodiversity survey for database preparation
PTT has surveyed on biodiversity, as an aim to explore animal and plant species surrounded on PTT operational areas, in order to investigate and gather all information on biodiversity database and to share knowledge on environmental restoration, biodiversity development, and environmental conservation. The species survey included birds, mammal, reptile, amphibian, insect, aquatic, plants, and crustacean. From the surveys, operational areas including Khanom natural gas separator unit, Phuket aviation depot, Song Kla petroleum warehouse, and Nakhon Sawan petroleum warehouse were assessed with the collaboration of Bird Conservation Society of Thailand (BCST), including universities and NGOs.
Following the survey around Khanom natural gas separator, an endemic biennial plant distinctive to Thailand was identified. It was titled Muang-Khanom (Microchirita involucrate (Craib) Yin Z.Wang var.gigantiflora C.Puglisi). It was discovered only in Khanom district, Nakhorn Sri Thammarat. Furthermore, a new family of nocturnal butterfly was also identified around Saraburi Storage. Its scientific name was Gatesclarkeana thailandica. It was endemic only Thailand.
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