Biodiversity management is an important issue that PTT has included in the PTT Group Quality, Security, Safety, Health and Environment (QSHE) Policy. The policy aims to promote systematic biodiversity protection and management. PTT incorporates biodiversity issues into its decision-making processes and business operations throughout the supply chain in order to avoid and minimize any potential risk which could negatively impact biodiversity and vulnerable ecosystem services within the project areas. To this end, the following approaches are implemented:
- Integration of biodiversity risk management through PTT Group's QSHE Policy;
- Management of areas with vulnerable biodiversity, or those in nearby, to ensure compliance with required regulations, standards, and work procedures established for PTT Group’s ecosystem service and biodiversity management;
- Demonstrate commitment to achieving a no-net-loss of biodiversity in scope of management control; and
- Enhance biodiversity values, beyond the scope of operation areas and vicinity, through community investments or partnerships with external organizations, such as Mangrove Forest Ecosystem Learning Center, Wang Chang Forest Learning Center, to name a few.
PTT Group Biodiversity Statement
PTT's main objective for biodiversity management is the protection and mitigation of negative impacts to biodiversity. PTT has demonstrated this commitment through the PTT Group Biodiversity Statement, developed in 2013. The Statement serves as operational principles for PTT Group companies, ensuring streamlined biodiversity management across the entire organization.
Reference: PTT Group Biodiversity Statement
PTT Group Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Standards
In 2016, PTT has prepared Biodiversity and Ecological Services Management Standard to expand and clarify the processes outlined in the PTT's Biodiversity Statement. The management standard is aligned with international biodiversity standards i.e. International Finance Corporation Performance Standard 6 (IFC PS6), Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Management of Living Natural Resources (2012) and Business and Biodiversity Offset Program (BBOP)
In addition, PTT has prepared the Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Guidelines, whose content encompasses risk assessment approach, biodiversity and ecosystem value estimation for new projects. It also addresses PTT’s current biodiversity management practice, development of biodiversity action plans for PTT businesses, for operations poses potential of high biodiversity impacts. PTT monitors and evaluate results, conducts annual performance review against established Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Management Standards, in tandem with set targets.
Biodiversity Risk Assessment for Project Development and Operations
The primary objectives of biodiversity management is to prevent damages and minimize negative impacts on biodiversity, according to PTT Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Management Standards. The Standard stipulated for analysis and assessment of biodiversity risks since project development stage, by integrating it as part of the studies and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report preparation. The aim is to define appropriate preventive and mitigation measures. Risk assessment is conducted for every stage of the project’s life cycle, scanning for any risks that could potentially affect the biodiversity and ecosystem services. Furthermore, PTT conducts risk assessment across all of PTT Group’s operation sites in Thailand in order to establish a clear PTT Group’s overview strategic plan. The Plan should effectively align with strategic goals. Assessment factors used for risks towards biodiversity value covers geographical location, relevant environmental conditions, activity characteristics and types, as well as differing context, scope, and severity for each stage of the project’s life cycle. PTT has made it compulsory for project of high-level risks to develop biodiversity action plans in order to mitigate potential impacts on flora, fauna and the environment.
Biodiversity Impact Assessment for Project DevelopmentPTT requires all projects under PTT's operations to assess biodiversity impacts and establish corresponding mitigation measures and conservation activities to compensate and aim for no-net-loss of biodiversity. In addition, PTT requires that biodiversity impact assessments be conducted for projects that have expanded scope by incorporating research of biodiversity data into consideration and revision of impacts resulting from the project's modification. PTT supports its subsidiaries in implementing and complying with biodiversity management as a minimum standard.
Assessing impacts on biodiversity is part of the EIA report preparation required by Thai law and is carried out by external experts. This includes impact assessment as well as preventive and mitigation measures prior to and during the construction and during the operational period by considering impacts from the projects on biodiversity and ecosystem services within the project areas.
In addition, PTT supports communities and stakeholders to share their suggestions, concerns, and preventive or mitigation measures for environmental impacts with PTT through stakeholder engagement activities or questionnaire surveys distributed during the preparation of the environmental impact assessment.
Environmental Impact Preventive and Mitigation Measures
PTT adopts environmental impact preventive and mitigation measures as a tool for controlling and verifying operations in order to prevent and mitigate impacts caused by its operations. Relevant functions must consider appropriate environmental impact preventive and mitigation measures for each area where the project will be developed, such as minimizing slash and burn areas, rehabilitating forest areas, selecting the least harmful transportation routes, and working with wild animal experts in case animal evacuation is required.
PTT communicates its environmental preventive and mitigation measures and conducts public hearings with stakeholders in every step of the environmental impact study as required by the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP). Meanwhile, relevant functions are responsible for preparing and submitting environmental impact preventive and mitigation measures, as well as performance monitoring reports to ONEP every six months for each stage of the project cycle.
PTT discloses the findings of the biodiversity studies of the project areas, the biodiversity assessment results, and the environmental impact preventive and mitigation measures of all projects. Stakeholders are informed of such information during stakeholder engagement activities.
Establishment of Government Policy Network and Biodiversity Knowledge
PTT collaborates with the Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning (ONEP) to formulate sustainable biodiversity conservation and protection strategy, including public relations and campaigns to educate and raise the awareness of the public with regard to the value and importance of biodiversity.
PTT has established the biodiversity knowledge network to serve as a channel for knowledge-sharing on biodiversity management to external parties, such as local communities, government agencies, academic institutions, private entities, etc. This was a collaboration with the Biodiversity Research and Training (BRT) Program.
Collaboration with Biodiversity Network
In terms of biodiversity performance, PTT has collaborated with a platitude of external organizations, such as Forestry Bureau, Ministry of Natural Resource and Environment, Marine and Coastal Resource Bureau, Bird Conservation Society of Thailand, Kasetsart University, Songkhla Nakarind University, National Science of Technology Development (NSTDA), Siamensis and Save Wildlife Thailand, to name a few. This includes local communities. PTT has been conducting projects on biodiversity exploration to study and consolidate data on various fauna and flora around PTT's operation sites in different seasons. Furthermore, seminars on biodiversity exploration have also been conducted around PTT's operation sites to ensure community representatives and local parties are able to share their opinions.
Biodiversity risk assessment and development of the No-Net-Loss Approach Guideline
|2019 Plan||2019 Performance||2020 Plan|
|Revise risk assessment tools to cover more factors with impacts, such as factors on location and boundaries of national wetlands (Ramsar Site)||Revised Biodiversity Risk Assessment Tools||Develop an approach for No-Net-Loss, which can be used for pilot sites under PTT Group|
In 2019, PTT has developed biodiversity assessment approach for No-Net-Loss. This helps PTT achieved the goals for No-Net-Loss for new project within 2020. No-Net-Loss Assessment tools were developed, enabling baseline identification of each operation sites' biodiversity value. Additionally, models, illustrating impacts on biodiversity loss and forecast of offset management's results, have been developed. The model also illustrates losses that occur at sites, which will be used for further implementation within PTT Group.
Biodiversity Risk Assessment
PTT’s survey of biodiversity risk assessment scopes to only PTT operational areas in Thailand, focusing on assessing potential risks on each site’s biodiversity values. The assessment bases from distance of the location from protected areas, or biodiversity hotspots, also looking into the types and impacts of the potential risks. In 2019, PTT has assessed and reviewed risks in 5 sites under PTT’s operation. The risk assessment scope exclude OR’s operation areas. One high-risk area has been identified, ‘Khanom Natural Gas Separation Plant.’ Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) was conducted to mitigate operation's impacts regarding biodiversity performance. Operation plan consists of work plan details, objectives, duration and responsible functions for each step.
Biodiversity Survey for Biodiversity Database
PTT has conducted biodiversity survey to explore diversity and numbers of flora and fauna surrounding PTT operation areas. The surveys enables analysis and collection of biodiversity data for each operation areas for development of baseline biodiversity data. PTT also creates work plan regarding environmental management in order to restore and strength biodiversity, as well as preservation of local environment. The species surveyed include avians, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects, aquatics, plants, and crustacean. From the surveys, operational areas selected based on risk assessment and community’s issues, comprise Khanom natural gas separation plant, Phuket aviation depot, Song Khla petroleum storage, Saraburi oil storage, and Pitsanulok oil storage. The project’s consultants, as assembled by Bird Conservation Society of Thailand (BCST), include universities and NGOs.
Following the survey around Khanom natural gas separation plant, an endemic biennial plant distinctive to Thailand was discovered. It was titled Muang-Khanom (Microchirita involucrate (Craib) Yin Z.Wang var.gigantiflora C.Puglisi). It was discovered only in Khanom district, Nakhorn Sri Thammarat. Furthermore, a new family of nocturnal butterfly was also identified around Saraburi Storage. Its scientific name was Gatesclarkeana thailandica. It was endemic only Thailand.
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